Atmospheric pollution is a topic of extensive discussion the world over. Biomass burning is a important air pollution source in many areas. The clinical repercussions of exposure to the principal atmospheric pollutants are summarized herein. According to the American Environmental Protection Agency, air quality standards for these agents are set based on their primary and half-life values. The respiratory effects of the burning biomass are succinctly presented, with a special focus on alerting health care professionals of the increased morbidity related to environmental pollution.